Hey! Banana… some people are used to call the people with Asian and European mix genetics if he or she lives in a European country but have no identity about their true nationality. I see that is funny but some may get highly offended my referring them to a banana. Keeping that fact aside, today I’m gonna tell you about the banana plants I have grown in my garden.
History of Banana
When comes to tropical gardening, banana is a common plant that is used to be grown in the home gardening system. Banana is a tropical fruit with a long history of availability in this world. According to Horticulturists, it is believed the first domestication of banana was discovered in Kulk valley at New Guinea. Afterward, it has been rediscovered in the Philippines and with time spread throughout the tropical regions of the world. It has been estimated that 60 million tons of banana are produced just only in Asia.
What is the name we used to call Banana?
Banana which has been recorded to be the biggest herbal plant (not a tree), favors a tropical environment as their habitat. But they could be successfully grown in cold climates with much more care. More than 150 countries across the world with different cultures grow banana as one of their home gardening or as an industrial mass scale cultivation. Most of the countries use the general name banana or the equivalent name in their own languages. And Sri Lankan’s used to call banana as kesel in Sinhala.
Scientific classification of Banana
The scientific genus name of banana is Musa. About 1000 varieties of banana are further classified under 50 types of groups. Two different varieties of banana are considered as the national fruit of Cambodia and the Central African Republic. The most popular variety of banana is known as Cavendish, which is highly used for exporting purposes.
Biological and physical features of Banana
Banana plants which are approximately 15 meters tall consist of leaves wrapped pseudostem unlike trunk as in trees. Hence bananas are far relatives of ginger and heliconia which grows from a rhizome. Once you have a banana plant in your tropical or cold garden, it would keep growing newly matured plants after each dead one. These bananas grow and once it’s done growing after flower blossom and tropical fruit is fully grown, the mother plant dies. And baby plants take place to grow to produce the next set of harvest. Almost every banana plant looks-alike in green color. But these tropical fruits vary in color in the range of green, yellow, and red, with or without spots according to the specific type of the banana plant.
Bananas are the ideal types of plants which imply about the tropical gardening. These plants are highly used in festival decorational purposes, which give traditional value.
Don’t you have a banana plant in your home garden, yet? Read below and start growing banana and discover the benefits of having a banana in your tropical garden.
How to grow Banana in your tropical home garden?
Being in a tropical environment naturally provides us the plants’ desired habitat to begin gardening.
- You better pick a place in your garden which gives ample of sunlight, so your plants may grow better and fruits will ripen naturally and desirably.
- You can ask a neighbor who has already grown banana, to get a small plant. Or else you can but it from a banana plant nursery.
- To provide a better foundation for your plant to grow healthier, dig a big hole as twice as the container which holds the baby plant and 1 ½ times deeper.
- Now you can add 3-4 inches of steer manure, and healthy sandy, rocky and organic soil mix top of it. This will provide the plants’ desired draining organic soil to grow better.
- Now without harming the rhizome take the plant out of the coverings (if purchased from a nursery) and carefully place in the prepared hole. And cover the plant roots with soil mix with water to keep the banana plant fixed on the ground.
Just planting the banana won’t give you nice, healthier and tastier banana fruits. You need to keep your plant moisten. So regularly water your plant. But don’t overdo watering as it might tend to rot the banana roots killing your plant. Banana is usually grown in small bushes, where many baby plants arise from the rhizome to grow along with the mother plant. This supplies better nutrients among the set of banana plants and provides a much moister environment. Providing secondary and micronutrients such as Nitrogen and Potassium through organic fertilizers would nurture your banana plants. I recommend you to always go for organic fertilizers to obtain good quality and tasteful banana fruits.
Let’s have a look at the benefits of eating Banana…
A healthy grown banana is healthier to consume. Tropical fruit banana is composed of several nutrients such as proteins, vitamin B6, vitamin C, magnesium, copper, manganese, carbs, fibers and a little amount of fat.
Eating banana would maintain your digestion, heart health, weight loss and moderate blood sugar levels. Also, the people who used to work out should eat a banana, so their muscles would be relaxed. Not only muscles but also overall your mood can be improved and make you happier due to the presence of tryptophan in banana fruit. And the top of the banana is full of antioxidants which act against toxicity and free radicals to maintain consumers’ health.
Hope you are good to go banana now… J