Planting mango in your garden
Mango is a very good tree to have in your tropical garden, specially if you are planning for a organic garden. There are different varieties depending on size of your garden. Mango trees provides shade and where it is required. Also it takes 3-4 months from blossoming to have a harvest ready fruit, making it a nice feature of your garden for good 3-4 months of year.
Mango trees are monoecious, (i.e. some flowers on any single tree may be hermaphroditic, having both female and male organs.) so you can have just one tree in your garden or area. Trees usually blossoms with many flowers, but a only a small portion of it actually becomes fruits. As per popular belief, you do not need to bees for pollination of mangoes as it is getting done by other insects, fruit bats etc. And what’s more can beat a feeling of tasting a mango which you have grown yourself especially when it organic.
What I have grown
I have planted three mango trees of three varieties ( Willard, Alphonse and Karthacolomban) in my garden.
- Willard is a Sri Lankan variety and smaller sized fruit with purplish texture.
- Alphonse is an Indian variety is a mild flavored, firm fleshed mango which can range from purple to yellow skin. I have gone for yellowish skin sub variety.
- Karthacolomban is also a Sri Lankan variety with firm fleshed with strong flavor and fruits are larger size and greenish skin.
These were planted in different times, Willard in now 4-5 years old, Karthacolomban 3 years old and Alphonso is the youngest of just 2 months old. Willard tree started fruiting last season but managed to harvest a just a one fruit. But this season has been good for mangoes as it has produced more fruits. Every bunch generally contains 3-4 fruits. Still they are young and expected to lose few more fruits when getting mature harvest ready fruits.
Caring your mango tree
Pruning can be done after harvesting allowing enough time for new branches. Commercial mango growers does pruning just before blossoming with their expertise on climates as tropical-cool climates can support having branches quickly making each of it a candidate for flowers. If you have enough space and do not mind having a larger tree, you do not have to prune it at all.
Compost can be applied every 6 months so that enough nutrients are available in soil. As Mango is a tropical tree watering is not expected, mango leaves are generally resilient to evaporation with their shiny texture. However if you are hit with a drought it is advisable to water it as required.