As I see, every home gardener involved in organic gardening is facing pest attacks on plants, vegetables, flowers etc. Pests get attract to plants in our tropical gardens and it is possibly cost us, to get rid of them with most available pesticides. But, have you ever think of a solution to pests from your own tropical home garden?
Yes! That’s what you just read. A solution against pests, from the crops you grow in your organic garden. Also you can get rid of pests by other organic stuffs you use daily at your home. Please continue reading if you eager to know about these solutions (tomato leaf spray, neem oil spray, garlic oil spray, hot pepper spray, baking soda spray and simple soap spray), how to make and, how to use them effectively.
How to use Tomato Leaf Spray for pest control
Tomato leaf spray is an easy pesticide to prepare by your own. Only thing you should think before doing this, is to know whether you going to be allergic to tomato. Tomato leaf spray is ideal for the pests known as aphids. Aphids’ forms clusters on your plants and higher presence of aphid could kill your plant. Tomatoes which belong to nightshades, Solanaceae family are highly toxic to insect aphid. The green parts of the tomato plant are composed of tomatine, a glycoalkaloid which has fungicidal/insecticidal properties. Mainly tomato leaf is used to prepare this pesticide, but you can add other green parts of tomato plant.
All you got to do is to chop the green parts of tomato plant (mainly leaf) and soak it in water, in order to make the leaf. I use the leaves and water in the ratio of 2: 2. You better soak your chopped tomato leaves overnight. The next day, you can strain the liquid using a strainer (coffee filters would do this) removing the chunk leaf and/or other chunk greeny parts of tomato plant. Then you should add 2 more cups of water. You can fill a spray bottle, to spray on plants in your tropical home garden.
A careful use of tomato leaf spray will make plants in your organic garden free of aphids; also it would attract the beneficial insects. However, be careful when using it. And wash thoroughly before eating any plant product which is treated by this spray. Also keep out of reach to your young ones.
How to use Hot Pepper Spray for pest control
Everyone has heard of pepper spray and afraid of that, so are the pests. You should be very careful when dealing with hot peeper spray. I warn you to wear safety gloves, masks and goggles while preparing it and using it. Capsaicin is the component present in the hot pepper, which gives hot taste for our food and also it is a great repellant against insects and mammals who disturbs our organic gardening.
First, with the safety precautions you should get hot peppers chopped or the dried hot pepper you found in the groceries would do the same. If you use fresh hot peppers from your tropical home garden, you can chop it and blend it with few cups of water. Then you can remove the chunk parts by straining the hot pepper. You should dilute the hot pepper with more water, in order to prevent you plants from burning. Also, you could add some biodegradable dish soap to make your hot pepper spray to be more adhesive to your plants. Make sure not to spray on edible parts of the plant, as it might be hard to wash off before consume.
How to use Neem Oil Spray for pest control
In the field of tropical organic gardening, neem oil is one of the best pesticides I have come across. Neem oil can be extracted from most of the parts of neem plant
(Azadirachta indica), but the neem seeds gives high yield of oil extraction with component Azadirachin. Neem oil can be used as a pesticide and a fungicide.
To extract neem oil form neem seeds, you got to do is to grind the seed kernels. Then you can put it in a cloth bag and suspend in a container. You can add water to the suspended cloth bag; the neem oil extraction can be collected in to the container. Also, you can extract neem oil from the neem leaves by simply soaking the leaves in a bucket of water for almost one week or just one day. Next day or week you can grind the leaves in the water and strain the mixture twice to extract a clear product of neem oil.
To make the pesticide neem oil spray, you can add 5 ml of extracted neem oil into 1 l of water with 2 ml of insecticidal soap or simply biodegradable dish soap. You can spray these on to your plants with a spray bottle. Use rapidly to prevent losing the pesticide properties.
How to use Garlic Oil Spray for pest control
Garlic oil spray is another easy way to get rid of harmful pests out of your tropical organic garden. You can make it yourself, by crushing the garlic into a bowl. Then pour boiling water on to the crushed garlic and keep it closed overnight. You can add biodegradable soap in to the mixture and spray on your crops.
How to use Baking Soda Spray for pest control
Baking soda spray can be used as a fungicide. You can make your own baking soda spray by adding these three ingredients together. First add an amount of baking soda, and then add biodegradable or insecticidal liquid soap. Finally, add water and stir the mixture. You can spray this baking soda spray on to your crops at your organic home garden.
How to use Simple Soap Spray for pest control
This can be easily prepared by yourself. All you need to concern is about the soap you going to use. Make sure your soap is free of synthetic chemicals. It is better to have a biodegradable and non-toxic liquid soap. Use pure water to mix with the soap. Use a clean (better a new one) spray bottle. Now you can use this simple soap spray as a pesticide which is ideal for the soft bodied pests.
Make sure not to spray any pesticide on your organic plants, when it is having hot sun. Sun light could burn the plants while having pesticides sprayed. I advise you, to always label your spray bottles with its name, ingredients and date of manufacture. There are many more possible methods to make your own organic pesticide spray, keep researching and make full use of your tropical organic home garden. Other than your own use, you can earn some good income by selling your 100% organic homemade pesticides. However if you prefer to buy these organic pesticides they are commercially available too.