Do you agree with me? For organic gardeners like us, pests are the most trouble causing organisms.
We, organic gardeners are a kind of people who alter the natural biodiversity to the least possible extent. In our tropical home gardens, we grow many delicious fruits, vegetables, and plants which beautify our garden with flowers, giving an organic look. As a fact of continuing the natural food chain in our environments, pests get involve in our home gardens and farms harming our harvest. Most of these pests are belong to the insect species. As we want our foods to be protected from the pests who think our food is their food, we have discovered pesticides which could control pests in our tropical organic gardens and farms.
Pest control methods
Other than using pesticides there are other methods to control pest. They can be categorized as mechanical methods, physical methods, cultural methods, chemical methods, and biological methods.
Mechanically we can remove pests by our hand, or by removing the whole part of the infected plant. Physically either by high heat exposure or low heat exposure could kill the pests. Using cultural methods such as proper fertilization, rotating crops, clean cultivation, proper harvesting, etc. can prevent possible pest infections. Using chemical pesticides and biological agents we can control pest outbreaks.
What type of pesticides is the best for our organic gardens and farms?
I don’t know what your opinion is, but to my best knowledge I don’t want my organic plants to be ill-treated with bad pesticides. By bad pesticides I mean chemical pesticides. That’s why organic gardeners always should go to organic pesticides. Organic pesticides are eco friendly; cheap and also do not harm us or our families which are more important than anything. Pesticides can be specific to the pests, such as herbicides, disinfectants, fungicides, insecticides, repellents, rodenticides, natural and biological pesticides and other types of pesticides.
Do you remember how I used neem oil for mealy bugs?
Organic pesticides can be of different types. By using different organic plant parts sprays and traps can be made and used as organic pesticides. Some of the organic sprays for pest control are: tomato leaf spray, garlic oil spray, hot pepper spray, simple organic soap spray, red pepper spray, and baking soda spray. We can use traps such as citrus rinds, newspaper, and soda bottles to trap different kinds of pests in our tropical home garden. Also, some of beverages we used to drink such as beer and milk can be used against pests in our gardens. It seems different types of organic pesticides can be used specifically against some pests. Pests bring damages to our crops, whereas there are some organisms which are gardener/farmer friendly. These friendly organisms carry out their food chains in a favorable manner where they act like a living pesticide. You can read in detail about these types of pesticides in my other articles in this blog. We can make these organic pesticides at our home using plant materials in our own tropical home garden. High demand for organic pesticides has result in manufactures to produce organic pesticides. So you can either make your own or buy the ready-made organic pesticides.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Organic pesticides are good to use but, it is way better to act in a principle known as Integrated Pest Management (IPM) to avoid pests. IPM is an eco friendly, progressive technique with knowledge of pests and our own common-sense. IPM is not just another method of pest control but a critical application of many pest control methods in order to prevent harms from pests. It says prevention is better than cure. So does the IPM system. IPM benefits the gardener or the farmer by reducing the harmfulness of using pesticides, which brings to our garden and people who are involved. To use any pest control method, it is better if we know about our pests. Not all weeds or insects are harmful, so using pesticides against them is a waste of time, money, and it might harm the beneficial.
So first step of IPM should be researching about different organisms in our garden other than what we have grown. Then we can identify the pest types. Then we should set action thresholds to know when the control is needed. Just as how we consider about our health, the first line of pest control should be the prevention. After taking all above steps, finally we can use organic pest control when it is most needed.
Do you know who your pests are? Investing your valuable time on identifying and learning about your pest is never a waste in long terms. Your pests can be a weed, insect, microbes, or any other harmful organism. But their needs, life styles and why your home garden is attractive to them are differing from type of pests. By knowing about your pests will lead you to control them in much effective way. You can use internet as a resource of knowledge on each pest, also you can get help from your local agricultural officers.
Unless we take care of our crops by controlling and preventing pests in our tropical home gardens, all our hard work on growing and caring would be wasted. Lack of pest control can make fewer yields of our crops.It has been recorded that lack of pest control has result in economical loss. In case of pest attacks which our crops will not be identified before selling; bad conditions, could lose the brand name or our future opportunities in the market. My advice is to never neglect pest in your garden or farm.
Keep reading my other blogs to know in detail about organic pesticides and how to make your own organic pesticides at home.